license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/). Although depression and anxiety symptom severity were associated with self-reported PSU, these constructs did not correlate with objectively measured smartphone use. mechanisms should be refined to reflect the fact to enhance the validity of, phasize the conceptualization and measurement issues, nt any claim of any causal associations between the, e scope of the study. 9. Higher levels of problematic SMU were associated with higher probabilities of mental, school, and sleep problems, confirming adequate criterion validity. Mental (life satisfaction and psychological complaints), school (school satisfaction and perceived school pressure), and social (family support and friend support) well-being were assessed. However, marital status, spending time on mobile phone, negative effect of mobile phone and application usage while studying has the negative effect on students" academic performance. Girls, lower educated adolescents, 15-year-olds, and non-Western adolescents were most likely to report problematic SMU. of time and place. (Dahlstrom, de Boor, Grunwaald, & Vokley, 2011). Social Media Addiction Scale (SMAS) was used for this purpose. For seven consecutive days, 176 students from three academic, Abstract In spite of its various advantages it has some disadvantages also. We conducted keyword-based searches of several broad multidisciplinary databases, along with reference list searches and article citation searches. 2010, Karpinski, Kirschner, Ozer, Mellott & Ochwo, 2013, ... A survey of 3,000 university students across the US reported that 90% used Facebook while 37% used Twitter (Dahlstrom, de Boor, Grunwaald, & Vokley, 2011). ... Other than adolescents who merely show intense SMU by spending a lot of time on SMU, adolescents with problematic SMU typically have a diminished ability to regulate their SMU impulses, feel discomfort such as stress or anxiety when SMU is restricted, and have SMU on top of their mind constantly . It has been shown that PSU is related with various psychopathologies and poorer academic outcomes. Survey results were analyzed using structural equation modeling (SEM). This fact, variable. For e, of university students use Facebook and 37% use Twitter, With their popularity, some universities are using soci, students, both current and prospective and, goal of enhancing the educational process and teamwork on proj, better communication with students. Other studies have noted that over-involvement with social media adversely impacts student academic performance, ... Because social media use has been shown to be a vulnerability factor in developing PSU ( Lopez-Fernandez et al., 2017), it would also be logical to investigate the role of social media use in lectures with PSU and the educational variables highlighted above. Our research indicates that the type and purpose of ICT use matters in terms of the educational impacts of multitasking. Nadkarni, A., & Hofmann, S. G. (2012). The author, however, suggests that mobile phone designers must take into account how young people use cell phones for educational purposes. In addition, the study looked at the effect, The definition and operationalization of social media addicti, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5). In Study 2 we found that students with more PSU also had more surface and less deep approach to learning. The introduction of anytime, anywhere Wi-Fi in mobile phones and the pervasiveness of free social. More frequent social media use in lectures could explain that relationship. The questionnaires were dist, included Likert scale questions, used to measure the indi. These, arly. Results depict that gender, age and relationship with opposite sex have a significant positive effect on students' academic performance. The concept of social networking has received much attention from academia over the last decade in India. I often neglect my schoolwork because of my usage of so. What is Social Media addiction? Â© 2018 The Authors. Country-level data came from aggregated individual-level data and data from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) on Internet access. Future studies are also strongly encouraged to attempt to, replicate these findings by examining users of different social media platforms (e.g., Twitter, Instagram, etc. This sample survey template consists of questions that gather information about people’s social media usage. By using Pathological Gambling as a model, addictive Internet use can be defined as an impulse-control disorder that does not involve an intoxicant. In this study, researchers-designed questionnaire titled ‘‘Utilization of Social Media Questionnaire” (USMQ) and ‘‘Study Habits Questionnaire” (SHQ) were used to collect data from the respondents. This empirical study analyzes the Facebook viral marketing campaigns of 751 products and reveals that the same sharing mechanism that made FarmVille so successful is the worst possible mechanism for promoting primarily utilitarian products. However, those who preferred to task-switch had more distracting technologies avail-able and were more likely to be off-task than others. Having a positive attitude toward technology did not affect being on-task during studying. This study investigated the existence of Internet addiction and the extent of problems caused by such potential misuse. 10. Sex was recorded as a dummy variable with (0) for male and (1) for female. This has led to a rise in questions about the impact of OSN on academic performance and the possibility of using it as an effective teaching tool. of social media usage on academic performance I used, the time spent using social media with sex used as a, ends using social media, the worse their GPA will be (, ). Cell phones are undeniably convenient, helpful tools for study and can be a hurtful source of distraction depending on the attitude and use pattern of a student. The current study observed 263 middle school, high school and university students studying for 15 min in their homes. These are listed in the Appendix 1, which is divided into two parts, international and national, and further sub-divided according to types of questions. Results depicts that gender, age and relationship with opposite sex have the significant positive effect on students" academic performance. Firstly, the, cross-sectional data utilized in this study do not warra, the results by indicating more variance in the former co, Second, the definition of some constructs might limit th, participants how much time they spend using social media on a typical day. The, scale consisted of five items on a scale with six. Not all, pdfarchive/einzelne_pdf/sbr_2015_jan_054-0, Wood, E., Zivcakova, L., Gentile, P., Archer, K., De Pasq. Hierarchical (blocked) linear regression analyses revealed that using Facebook and texting while doing schoolwork were negatively associated with overall college GPA. Participants were asked to report their cumulative GP, Respondents were asked a single question about the total number of hours sp, To measure social media addiction, a variant of the In, 2009). Social Media Addiction Scale (SMAS) was. Three subgroups were identified, distinguished by low, medium, and high probabilities of endorsing the criteria. Further, it was found that the more students utilized their smartphone for university learning activities, the lower their CGPA. Why do people use Facebook. Misusing of mobile phone increases the disadvantages of this device day by day. ends using social media affects academic performance in a, rmance. These findings are in line with theory from social psychology: because consumers do not visit Facebook to learn about utilitarian products, they rely on simple cues and heuristics to process viral marketing messages about these products. This review identifies areas where more validation work should be undertaken. Now-a-days mobile phone is very important communicational device. The more time one spends using social, have spent for academic purposes. Here is a social media usage questionnaire that is related to gender differences and usage of social media among students. In Study 1, we used a survey method with a sample of college students (N = 232) and found that social media addiction was negatively associated with the students' mental health and academic performance and that the relation between social media addiction and mental health was mediated by self-esteem. Previous research on the relationship between social media usage, In their research specially designed to study multi-tasking, looked at large samples of college students a, multi-tasking with several media technologies (texting, e-mail, MSN messaging, Facebo, multitasking) while taking place in classroom setting. Design/Methods I find myself thinking about what happened in social media when I am, items to ascertain their underlying factors. Also, they have the added element of bein. This review included articles that aimed at either developing an SNS engagement scale or providing a systematic test of the psychometric properties of the scale. The results revealed a statistically significant negative relationship between time spent by students on OSN and their academic performance. I get irritated when interrupted using SM. In order to assess these phenomena, the Social Media Affinity Scale was created and deployed. The SMAS consisted of 14 items adapted from the, creased significantly since I began using, the analysis, four items were discarded due to loadings, Addiction Scale (SMAS) with Varimax Rotation, Loadings < 0.50 were suppressed, * Item wo. As a result of. Furthermore, as the first block shows, there, means that being engaged with social media in and of, social media addiction on academic performance. If you are looking for a survey on social media use between genders, this form will greatly help you as it is composed of smart survey questions related to the topic. es, Department of Mass Communication, Kuwait University, Kuwait. This cableless device reduces the hazards of the land phone. 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