He also identified the Transantarctic Mountains and the volcanoes Erebus and Terror, named after his ships. During John Ross’s arctic expedition of 1829-33 in search of a northwest passage, approximately 1000 km of new coastline was mapped. This time the voyage pushed on and headed south into Prince Regent Inlet. Ross and his crew spent an incredible four winters in the Arctic. John Ross led a privately funded expedition to find a Northwest Passage, embarking in 1829 on the Victory, a paddle-steamer with boilers fitted by John Braithwaite (an engineer whose locomotive engine Novelty was the first one ever to run a mile within a minute, and was entered into the Rainhill trials). In 1818 Ross led an expedition to search for the northwest passage. By September, they had travelled 250 miles further south into the Inlet than any previous expedition. The last voyage of Capt. The following August, a second attempt was made and in a twist of fate the crew was rescued by the ship Ross had used on his 1818 voyage, the whaler Isabella. After volunteering for the Royal Navy at the age of nine and rising to the rank of Commander in the Napoleonic Wars, Ross led an 1818 expedition in search of the Northwest Passage. In 1829-1833 he again served under his uncle in the Arctic. Why was Ross keen to restore his reputation by finding the North-West Passage? 1829–33 Royal Navy expedition led by John Ross to search for the Northwest Passage discovered James Ross Strait and King William Land, located the magnetic north pole at 70°05′N 96°44′W / 70.083°N 96.733°W / 70.083; -96.733 [6], The expedition was made in two unusually strong[7] warships, HMS Erebus and HMS Terror. This chapter focuses on the voyages of exploration by John Ross in 1818 and John Franklin in 1819. Both Parry (in 1819-20 and 1821-23) and Ross (in 1829-33) made further unsuccessful attempts to find a passage. He made his first voyage to the Arctic in 1818 on an expedition in search of the Northwest Passage, followed by four Arctic expeditions under Sir William Parry between 1819 and 1827. Sir John Ross, British naval officer whose second Arctic expedition in search of the Northwest Passage, the North American waterway linking the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, located the north magnetic pole. to the Arctic regions [microform] : for the discovery of a north west passage; performed in the years 1829-30-31-32 and 33 : to which is prefixed an abridgement of the former voyages of Captns. It totalled six volumes (parts III and IV each being in two volumes), covered about 3000 species, and contained 530 plates figuring in all 1095 of the species described. Ross discovered the "enormous" Ross Ice Shelf, correctly observing that it was the source of the tabular icebergs seen in the Southern Ocean, and helping to found the science of glaciology. Speculations were plenty, but there was little hard evidence to provide a firmer basis for theories. Between 1829 and 1833 Ross spent another four and one half years exploring the Arctic, achieving the rank of commander. The Franklin expedition disappeared in the High Arctic in the 1840s, looking for the North-West Passage. Partly to redeem his reputation Ross proposed to use a shallow-draft steam ship to break through the ic… Sir John Ross (1777-1856) was a British naval officer and Arctic explorer. Knt. Shipping. John Ross's second North-West Passage expedition 1829–33, John and James Clarke Ross North-West Passage expedition 1829–33, The next expedition to search for the North-West Passage, An introduction to North-West Passage exploration, John Ross's first attempt to find the North-West Passage, William Edward Parry's final attempt to find the North-West Passage. The expedition's botanical discoveries were documented in Joseph Dalton Hooker's four-part Flora Antarctica (1843–1859). Mount Erebus, on Ross Island, was named after one ship and Mount Terror after the other. The most notable trip found the location, at that time, of the north magnetic pole (since it is estimated the pole moves 40 km per year in a north-west direction). Ross commanded the ship, Isabella on his expedition, along with a second ship, Alexander, commanded by William Edward Parry. The expedition was the last major voyage of exploration made wholly under sail. James Ross Clark’s expedition in the same area from 1829-1833 with only three lives lost. He was not employed again until 1829 when he went on the Felix Booth expedition in command of the ‘Victory’ attempting to find the North-West Passage to the Pacific. . Anxious to clear his name and prove that he was still a good sailor, navigator, and observer despite the mistake, Ross asked for another commission, but did not get one until 1829, when he was given command of a small vessel. [1], The botanist Joseph Dalton Hooker, then aged 23 and the youngest person on the expedition, was assistant-surgeon to Robert McCormick, and responsible for collecting zoological and geological specimens. . Ross’s letter to Beaufort commences on 10 July 1829, in the early stages of the expedition, and after a long account of the outward voyage, the passage through Prince Regents Inlet into Astonishingly, as Edinger recounts, the expedition of 1829-1832 was not to be John Ross's last. 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