There are 13 types of otters in the world. Otters are long and slim animals that can be longer than a meter. They live along the Pacific coast of North America. The North American river otter, also known as the northern river otter or the common otter, is a species of otter. Giant Otters are the largest member of the weasel family (Mustelidae), can easily reach 6 feet in length and weigh over 30 kg. The European otter (Lutra lutra) was common as recently as the 1950s, but became rare because of DDT pesticides, habitat loss and water pollution. It’s one of the things … Otters are now quite common, especially in the west of England. Fun Facts for Kids. Do giant otters live in a group? They’ve been around for more than 5 million years. Once they catch it, they bring it to the top of the water, where they eat it. These are ready-to-use Otter worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the otters which are carnivorous mammals in the subfamily Lutrinae. Otters are aquatic (water-based) relatives of badgers and weasels. Although once near extinction, they have begun to spread again, from remnant populations in California and Alaska. Most of us don’t know much about them so here are some facts to help you educate yourself about them. An otter family will defend a territory and use scent to mark the territory boundaries. The size of the California (or southern) sea otters is about 4 feet. Sea otters have about 26,000 to 165,000 hairs per square centimeters of skin. They also leave their scent on plants to mark their territory. Otters are very playful animals and have been seen sliding down snowdrifts or mud banks on their bellies. It also included Kamchatka, and as far south as Japan. The northern sea otters can weigh as much as 100 pounds. There are 13 species of otter around the world and many of them are endangered. Giant otters produce 9 different vocalizations and are very loud. They have webbed feet and the ability to close their nose and ears underwater. Otters grab their prey in their mouths. Flexing their long bodies up and down, paddling with their … Otter babies are called pups. If the animal has a hard shell, otters can use a rock as a tool to break open the shell. However, sea otters are typically marine mammals. https://kids.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/river-otter.html. These animals are most active from 10-11 am and from 3-5 pm. They eat fish, crayfish, crabs, and frogs. They are also nocturnal and hunt at night. They are also very curious and like to investigate new things.Otters spend a good part of their day grooming themselves. They will eat any small animals and birds they can catch. © 1996-2015 National Geographic Society, © 2015- Otters are animals that live near and around water. This page was last changed on 29 September 2020, at 11:12. The European or Eurasian otter is often referred to as the common otter. It is also known as the Guiana flat-tailed otter, margin-tailed otter and winged-tailed otter. They are typically 3 to 5 feet (1 to 1.5 meters) long and weigh between 6.5 and 60 pounds (3 and 27 kilograms). Not all otters use tools, but sea otters use them all the time. The Giant otter was discovered by Gmelin in 1788. Their thick and long tail helps them steer while swimming underwater. They usually stay on all four legs, but they can stand up as well but they are expert swimmers and spend a lot of time in water. Scientists have also learnt a whole lot more from otters including these five fast facts: There are 13 species of otter. Otters are adorable creatures that live both on land and in the water. An otter pup's fur is too dense for it to swim underwater. Giant Otter Facts. Sea Otter Facts. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use Privacy Policy. They have very soft, insulated underfur, which is protected by an outer layer of long guard hairs. They eat meat and hunt for fish and small animals, so they have sharp claws and teeth that allow them to catch prey, then eat them. 2021 National Geographic Partners, LLC. The fur of a sea otter is usually dark but it can also be shades of white or grey. I recently found out that sea otters fall asleep holding paws and my heart has never been so full. Otters are long and slim animals with four short legs that can be longer than a meter. Once they catch it, they bring it to the top of the water, where they eat it. On they ground, they can run very fast. Otters prefer to live in bodies of water that are close to land offering them wetlands or the woods close by. There are 13 species of otter found all around the world. Their historic range included shallow waters of the Bering Strait. They also love to play. An otter lives about 10 years. Sea Otter Facts For Kids The nostrils and ears of sea otters close in the water. Otters have a slender body, a long neck, and short legs. Sea otters use rocks to break open clam and mussel shells. The charismatic otter, a member of the weasel family, is found on every continent except Australia and Antarctica. Each European otter within its territory of between 1 and 4 miles has fixed locations where it gets into and exits from the water, sunbathing, rolling and sliding about on "otter stairways". In the wild, these otters eat crabs, shellfish and small fish like gouramis or catfish. They stayed relatively common in parts of Scotland and Ireland, but numbers in England reached a low point in the 1980s. [2] They have a rich fur for which humans hunted them almost to extinction. They are expert swimmers and spend much of their time hunting for prey in water, where they catch mainly fish and invertebrates. Otters are most active at night. Otters are great swimmers and divers. They usually stay on all four legs, but they can stand up as well but they are expert swimmers and spend a lot of time in water. They can stay underwater for up to four minutes. They have four short legs. This traps a layer of air which keeps them dry and warm under water.They keep the air topped up by blowing into the fur with their mo… Otters have been around for at least 5 million years. They live in nests called holts. Much of their food is found in water. Sea otters play a vital role in the health and stability of the nearshore marine ecosystem as a keystone species They have a thick fur coat that keeps them warm even in freezing water. A raft is usually comprised of single-sex sea otters that can range from 10 to a hundred individuals. They grow to 1.0 to 1.5 m (3.3 to 4.9 ft) in length and weigh 30 kg (66 lb). During which time otters have adapted to live both on land and in water. They are able to stay well hidden in these types of environments which makes them less like to fall victim to a variety of predators on land. Otters are closely related to badgers. Fun Facts about Otters for Kids. They are great swimmers and divers; they can stay underwater for 8 minutes. Roadkill deaths are now happening more. Giant ottters are very sociable animals and often live in groups of up … Otters prefer water bordered by woods and with wetlands, such as marshes, nearby. Some live near rivers, some in the sea (sea otters). Clearly, otters know how to have fun! A group of otters is called a raft, according to the San Diego Zoo. Content of this web page is sourced from wikipedia ( http://simple.wikipedia.org). Otters consume mainly … Otters prefer water bordered by woods and with wetlands, such as marshes, nearby. While river otters spend most of their time in water, they do travel across land as well—often in search of a mate. Top Facts about Otters. They have very soft, insulated underfur, which is protected by an outer layer of long guard hairs. They can die of hunger more quickly than most animals. Some kinds of otters live in groups, while others are almost always alone. They eat fish, crayfish, crabs, and frogs. They hunt underwater, skillfully chasing fish, their main food. Can otters use tools? Otters place a rock on their chests and smash the shellfish against it until it breaks open to reveal the tasty meat inside. They take a nap at mid-day during really warm weather. Watch a music video about a sleepy little otter featuring a song by Parry Gripp! This traps a layer of air which keeps them dry and warm under water. Otters can dive 300 feet down in water while looking for food. They even love to live in swamp and marsh areas. Otters are carnivores; they must eat a lot of meat to live, so they spend 3 to 5 hours every day fishing and hunting. So, before you go, here’s everything you need to know about what makes Giant Otters so special. Flexing their long bodies up and down, paddling with their webbed hind feet, and using their feet and strong tails to steer, river otters are underwater acrobats. It is found throughout North America, inhabiting inland waterways and coastal areas in Canada, the Pacific Northwest, the Atlantic states, and the Gulf of Mexico. Also, their feet are webbed, which helps them swim. Sea otters (Enhydra lutris) are classified as marine mammals. GIANT OTTERS ARE SUPER CHATTY. They use this to smash open shells. [1] They keep the air topped up by blowing into the fur with their mouth. They are, http://www.seaworld.org/animal-info/info-books/otters/physical-characteristics.htm, https://wiki.kidzsearch.com/w/index.php?title=Otter&oldid=4989524. At birth, the weight of a pup is 3 to 5 pounds. Otters live 8 to 9 years in the wilderness, and as many as 21 years when living with people. It's a river otter! Otter is a common name for a carnivorous mammal in the subfamily Lutrinae. Hunting of otters was also common. Giant otter belongs to a family of carnivorous mammals called mustelid. 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